Türkiye’de Meyve ve Sebze Atıklarının Değerlendirilmesinde Alternatif Teknikler

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Türkiye’de Meyve ve Sebze Atıklarının Değerlendirilmesinde Alternatif Teknikler

Amaç: Gıda kaybı ve israfı, tüm ülkelerin yüzleşmesi gereken bir sorundur. Gıda atıkları, uygun şekilde yönetilmezse çevresel ve ekonomik sorunlara neden olabilirler; öte yandan kaynak olarak kullanılabilirlerse bir ülkenin çeşitli eksiklerini tamamlayabilirler. Türkiye, birçok meyve ve sebzenin (örneğin domates, incir, kiraz ve üzüm) büyük bir üreticisidir ve bu tarımsal ürünlerin katı atıkları, diğer Avrupa (AB) ülkelerinde olduğu gibi, Türkiye’deki toplam atıkların önemli bir bölümünü oluşturur. Bu nedenle, dairesel bir ekonomiye ulaşmak için uygun tarımsal atık yönetim sistemi tasarlanmalı ve kullanılmalıdır. Uzmanlar, tarımsal atıkların atılması yerine hayvan yemi, kompost materyali, enerji veya biyoaktif bileşikler elde etmek ya da ihtiyacı olan insanları beslemek için kullanılması gerektiğini belirtmektedir. Bu çalışmanın amacı, Türkiye’deki tarımsal gıda atıkları problemine olası çözümleri literatür verileri ışığında derlemektir.

Materyal ve Yöntem: Bu makalede, meyve ve sebze atıklarının değerlendirilmesi için alternatif yöntemler gözden geçirilmiştir.

Bulgular: Türkiye’de önemli miktarda meyve-sebze atığı üretilmektedir.

Sonuç: Tarım ürünleri atıklarını, değerli biyoaktif bileşenleri ekstre etmek, enerji üretmek veya hayvan beslemek yoluyla değerlendirmek onları atmaktan daha fazla tercih edilmelidir.

 

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