Peynirlerde Bulunan Biyoaktif Peptitler

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Peynirlerde Bulunan Biyoaktif Peptitler

Amaç: Süt proteinleri çeşitli besinsel, fonksiyonel ve biyolojik fonksiyonlara sahiptir. Pek çok süt proteini,
spesifik biyoaktiviteler gösteren peptitlerin kaynaklarıdır. Süt proteinlerinin birincil yapıları içinde gizli olan
biyoaktif peptitler, ana protein dizilimi içinde inaktiftir. Proteolitik enzimlerin hidrolizi, proteolitik starter
kültürlerle fermantasyon ve gastrointestinal sindirim sonucu ana protein yapısından salınırlar ve çeşitli biyolojik
aktiviteler sergilerler. Bu biyoaktiviteler arasında; anjiotensin dönüştürücü enzim (ACE) inhibitör, opioid,
mineral bağlama, antioksidan, antibakteriyel ve antikarsinojen gibi etkiler yer almaktadır.
Sağlıklı bir diyetin önemli bir bileşeni olan peynirler, tüketiciler tarafından beğenilen duyusal özellikleri ve
yüksek seviyedeki tüketimleri ile biyoaktif peptitlerin alımı için en popüler gıdalardır. Farklı ve karmaşık üretim
yöntemleri ile üretilen peynirler, son ürünün tat, koku ve tekstür gibi özelliklerini etkileyen pek çok peptit
içermektedir. Bu çalışmada, peynirlerde bulunan biyoaktif peptitlerle ilgili çalışmalar hakkında bilgi
verilmiştir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Biyoaktif Peptitler, Peynir, Proteoliz, ACE İnhibitör Etki, Antioksidan Etki,
Antimikrobiyal Etki

 

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